United States of America
I. Kruger Inc.

4001 Weston Pkwy
Cary, NC 27513

Phone: (919) 677-8310
Fax: (919) 677-0082


Years : All years
Number of item : 19

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Recirculating PAC provides DOC removal for water treatment

Recirculating powdered activated carbon (PAC) removes organic and emerging contaminants cost-effectively for indirect potable reuse applications, thereby avoiding the challenges of large-scale reverse osmosis such as brine disposal for inland regions.


Overcoming Hydrogen Sulfide in North Carolina Collection Systems

Wastewater treatment plant personnel can face public scrutiny over odor emissions from treatment plants and wastewater collection system networks. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the most common cause for odor complaints and is dangerous to life and health, and therefore utilities attempt to mitigate H2S production with solutions such as chemical addition or carbon filters. In addition to odor, H2S converts to sulfuric acid (H2SO4) in collection systems, and can cause millions of dollars of infrastructure damage due to corrosion.


Hydrotech Media Filtration Provides a Compact & Cost Effective Approach to Primary Treatment

Primary treatment is an important consideration for those seeking to maximize energy recovery.Conventional primary clarifiers require an extensive land area and do not offer significant flexibility to manage removal efficiency.These drawbacks may be overcome through implementation of Hydrotech filters for primary filtration.These advantages result in the Hydrotech filters for primary treatment being an optimal solution for many of today's modern treatment facilities.


Pilot-Scale Evaluation of ANITA Mox for Centrate Nitrogen Removal at the Joint Water Pollution Control Plant

The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) evaluated two variants of Kruger/Veolia's ANITA Mox process for removing centrate nitrogen at the Joint Water Pollution Control Plant (JWPCP) in Carson, California. One variant was based on the Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) technology, while the other was based on the Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) technology. Two different centrate streams ("Pre-DAF" and "Post-DAF") were tested as feed to the MBBR pilot; one ("Pre-DAF") was tested with the IFAS pilot. Due to dilution by other process water, both centrate streams contained lower concentration of NH4 than typical centrate. Median feed NH4 concentrations during this study were 634 mgN/L (Pre-DAF) and 469 mgN/L (Post-DAF).


An Alternative Mathematical Model for Oxygen Transfer Evaluation in Clean Water

Energy consumption from aeration system is a biggest part of the total energy cost in wastewater treatment plant and account for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is very important to know how effective the aeration system and significant attention has been paid to development and upgrade of standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer efficiency of the aeration system. In order to evaluate the performance of different types of aeration systems, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and US EPA jointly developed a standard for the measurement of oxygen transfer in Clean Water in 1984. The Standard was subsequently improved, updated, and republished in 1991 and 2006. The focus of this paper has been to develop an alternative model which includes more parameters than the standard method. A new model would probably be a more accurate description of the aeration process and give more reliable oxygen transfer performance evaluation results.



Ballasted clarification has long been accepted as a viable treatment method for the removal of solids (TSS) from wet weather wastewater flows. However, as there is no biological mechanism in a typical system, removal of Soluble BOD5 is minimal and total BOD5 removal is therefore a function of the Total BOD5 present as particulate. The addition of an aerated contact tank upstream of the ballasted clarification unit, where wet weather wastewater and Return Activated Sludge (RAS) are combined, has been proposed as a means to accomplish Soluble BOD5 (SBOD5) uptake and meet the EPA's requirement of 85% Total BOD5 removal for secondary treatment.



The AnoxKaldnes Hybas™ process achieved sustainability and efficiency for Cocoa Beach. Upon project completion, the plant saw a decrease in: nutrient mass, sludge residuals and unit energy conservation. Data has been compiled documenting the reduction for all three parameters.


NEOSEP® MBR: An Operator's Best Friend

Membrane modules should be easy to install, easy to retrieve when necessary and simple to maintain. These fundamental necessities of a Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) system are at the heart of the K-120C and K-240C flat sheet membrane modules provided by Kruger, a subsidiary of Veolia.

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